Communication Center  Conference  Projects Share  Reports from the Field Resources  Library  LSC Project Websites  NSF Program Notes
 How to Use this site    Contact us  LSC-Net: Local Systemic Change Network
Best Practices

Queries and Replies

Curriculum Implementation And Materials Support

Student Outcomes

Leveraging Support

Policy Issues

Professional Development

Impact Of LSCs' Progress

Program Management



Bulletin Board

Queries and Replies

Replies to Query:


1. How do you justify treating "students" as the unit...

Reply 1:

This question identifies the classic mixed-level analysis problem inherent in a reform program like LSC. That is, projects are providing professional development to teachers, while ultimately needing to isolate the effects of their instruction on student performance. Indeed, the LSC projects are expected to have an impact on students -ostensibly improving their achievement in mathematics and science. Although the training is targeted for teachers, the expectation is that teachers will evidence improvement in their instruction, thereby benefiting the students. The teachers are the vehicles for the instruction, which is an intervening variable. It is therefore important to develop measures of implementation as well as measures of student achievement.


Joy Frechtling, 2/9/2001