Communication Center  Conference  Projects Share  Reports from the Field Resources  Library  LSC Project Websites  NSF Program Notes
 How to Use this site    Contact us  LSC-Net: Local Systemic Change Network
Educational Reform & Policy

Systemic Reform

Math Reform

Science Reform

Technology Integration


International Focus and TIMSS


Assessment and Accountability

School Culture

Public Engagement

Professional Development

Teaching and Learning

LSC Papers and Reports



Determining Alignment of Expectations and Assessments in Mathematics and Science Education

author: Norman L. Webb
description: Many states and school districts are making concerted efforts to boost student achievement in mathematics and science. These are not simple face lifts, but attempts to develop deep, lasting changes in how students learn these critical subjects. This Brief is intended for those who seek to improve student learning by creating coherent systems of expectations and assessments in states and districts. Other potential audiences are those who study reform, make decisions about reform, and are affected by reform. The intention of this Brief is to help people think more clearly about the concept of alignment, and to help them examine what is required for expectations and assessments to be in alignment.

URL link:
published in: NISE (National Institute for Science Education)
published: 01/01/1997
posted to site: 01/12/2001