Communication Center  Conference  Projects Share  Reports from the Field Resources  Library  LSC Project Websites  NSF Program Notes
 How to Use this site    Contact us  LSC-Net: Local Systemic Change Network
Educational Reform & Policy

Systemic Reform

Math Reform

Science Reform

Technology Integration


International Focus and TIMSS


Assessment and Accountability

School Culture

Public Engagement

Professional Development

Teaching and Learning

LSC Papers and Reports



State Mathematics Standards: An Appraisal of Math Standards in 46 States, the District of Columbia, and Japan

author: Ralph A. Raimi, Lawrence S. Braden
description: "The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation is pleased to present this appraisal of state mathematics standards by Ralph A. Raimi of the University of Rochester and Lawrence S. Braden of St. Paul's School. ...The important thing to know about the present document is that we did not ask its authors--a distinguished university mathematician and a deeply experienced school math teacher--to grade the states on how faithfully their standards incorporate the NCTM's model for math education. Rather, we asked them to appraise state standards in terms of their own criteria for what excellent math standards should contain.

Advised by two other nationally respected scholars, the authors did precisely that. They developed nine criteria (under four headings) and then applied them with great care to the math standards of 46 states and the District of Columbia. (The remaining four states either do not have published standards or would not make their current drafts available for review.) For comparison purposes, the authors also describe Japan's math standards and apply their criteria to these."

Published by the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, March, 1998.

published in: Thomas B. Fordham Foundation
published: 03/01/1998
posted to site: 04/30/1998

Alabama Course of Study, MATHEMATICS, Mathematical Power K-12
(Alabama State Department of Education Bulletin 1997, No.4)
50 North Ripley St., P.O. Box 302102
Montgomery, AL 36130-2101

(1) Math/Science Framework (1996)
(2) Mathematics Performance Standards (1997)
Department of Education
801 W. Tenth Street
Juneau, AK 99801-1894

Mathematics Performance Objectives (March 11, 1997; adopted August 26, 1996)
Arizona Department of Education
1535 West Jefferson
Phoenix, AZ 85007

Mathematics Framework
General Education Division
Arkansas Department of Education
Four State Capitol Mall, Room 304A
Little Rock, AR 77201-1071
(From; July 22, 1997)

The California MATHEMATICS Academic Content Standards (Prepublication Edition, February 2, 1998) for Grades K-12
California State Board of Education

Model Content Standards (June 8, 1995)
Colorado Department of Education
Denver, CO, 80203

"Mathematics Curriculum Framework," Second Draft,
August 7, 1997
Connecticut Department of Education
165 Capitol Avenue
Room 305, State Office Building
Hartford, CT 06106-1630

Mathematics Curriculum Framework
Vol. 1 Content Standards (1995, revised March 1, 1996)
Delaware Dept. of Education
Dover, DE 19903-1402

District of Columbia
Mathematics-Science-Technology Curriculum Framework, Grades K-12, Revised Edition (undated, but post-1989)
District of Columbia Public Schools
415 12th Street, N.W., Suite 1209
Washington, D.C. 20004-1994

(1) Sunshine State Standards and Instructional Practices, Mathematics (May 29, 1996)
(2) Florida Course Descriptions, Grades 6-12, pp151-263 (1997) Florida Department of Education
Capitol Building, Room PL 08
Tallahassee, FL 32301

"Mathematics Quality Core Curriculum," Draft Revision, Edition 2 ("provided by the Georgia School Improvement Panel, February, 1997")
CD ROM available from the Georgia Department of Education
Telephone (404) 657-7411

(1) State Commission on Performance Standards (Final Report, June 1994)
(2) Essential Content (December, 1992) Department of Education
OASIS/Systems Group
641 18th Avenue, Room V201
Honolulu, HI 96816-4444
Hawaii Department of Education
1390 Miller Street, #307
Honolulu, HI 96813

K-12 Mathematics Content Guide and Framework (1994)
(in three parts: K-4, 5-6, and 7-12)

Illinois Learning Standards (July 25, 1997)
Illinois State Board of Education
100 North First Street
Springfield, IL 62777

Mathematics Proficiency Guide (Spring 1997)
Indiana Department of Education
State House, Room 229
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2798

(Iowa apparently does not intend to publish a Standards or Framework of the sort that is under review in this report.)

Mathematics Program in Japan (Kindergarten to Upper Secondary School)
Japan Society of Mathematical Education (JSME), January, 1990
(Excerpt from the National Courses of Study, Revised by the Ministry of Education)
Published by: Japan Society of Mathematical Education
Private Postbox No.18, Koishikawa Post Office
Tokyo, Japan

Mathematics Curriculum Standards (Revised July 1993, Reprinted October 1996)
Kansas State Department of Education
120 SE 10th Avenue
Topeka, KS 66612

Core Content for Mathematics Assessment
Kentucky Department of Education
500 Mero Street
Frankfort, KY 40601

Content Standards Foundation Skills (May 22, 1997)

Curriculum Framework for Mathematics and Science (undated, but post-1995)
Maine Department of Education
23 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0023

(1) Mathematics--A Maryland Curriculum Framework (1985)
(2) High School Core Learning Goals, Mathematics (September 1996)
Maryland State Department of Education
200 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21701-7595

Mathematics Curriculum Framework (December 1995)
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Department of Education
350 Main Street
Malden, MA 02148-5023

Model Content Standards for Curriculum, including Academic Core Curriculum Content Standards (July 25, 1996)

"K-12 Mathematics Framework" (Draft chapters, 1997)
"Please do not quote, copy, or cite." Our copy was mailed to us from:
"Sci-Math, MN"
638 Capitol Square
550 Cedar Street
St. Paul, MN 55101

Mathematics Curriculum Structure (1995)
Mississippi Department of Education
550 High Street, Room 501
Jackson, MS 39201

Missouri's Framework for Curriculum Development in Mathematics, K-12 (1996)
Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
205 Jefferson Street
Jefferson City, MO 65102

Framework for Improving Mathematics and Science Education (1996)
Montana Office of Public Instruction
PO Box 202501
Helena, MT 59620-2501

Mathematics and Science Frameworks for Nebraska Schools (March 6, 1994)
Nebraska Department of Education
301 Centennial Mall South
P.O. Box 94987
Lincoln, NE 68509

"We are in the process of developing new math standards during the 1997-1998 school year."

New Hampshire
K-12 Mathematics Curriculum Framework (February 1995)
New Hampshire Department of Education
101 Pleasant Street
Concord, NH 03301

New Jersey
(1) Core Curriculum Content Standards for Mathematics (1995, revised 1996)
(2) New Jersey Mathematics Curriculum Framework (1996)
New Jersey Mathematics Coalition

New Mexico
Content Standards with Benchmarks for Kindergarten Through 12th Grade (Fall 1996)
New Mexico Department of Education
300 Don Gaspar
Santa Fe, NM 87501-2786

New York
Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science and Technology (March 1996)
New York Education Department
Education Building
111 Washington Avenue
Albany NY 12234

North Carolina
Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies, Mathematics K-12 (1992, 1993)
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
301 N. Wilmington St.
Raleigh, NC 27601-2825

North Dakota
Mathematics Curriculum Framework Standards and Benchmarks (Revised 1996-1996; Draft in progress March 24, 1997)
North Dakota Department of Public Instruction
State Capitol Building, 11th Floor
Bismarck, ND 58505-0440

Model Competency-Based Mathematics Program (November 1990)
Ohio Department of Education
65 South Front Street, Room 810
Columbus, OH 43215-4183

Priority Academic Student Skills--Mathematics (March 1997)
Oklahoma State Department of Education
2500 N. Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105-4599

(1) Standards (January 1997)
(Mathematics pages are 9-12 and 29,30)
(2) Oregon Statewide Mathematics Assessment, Test Specifications
Grade 3, Grade 5, Grade 8, Grade 10
(3) Sample Tests for (2)
(4) Mathematics Teacher Support Package (October, 1996)
Oregon Department of Education
255 Capitol St. NE
Salem, OR 97310-0203

"Proposed Academic Standards for Mathematics' for the Governor's Advisory Commission on Academic Standards'"
Undated but clearly 1997, taken from http://www.cas.psu.EDU/PDE.HTML on 8/14/97
Pennsylvania Department of Education
333 Market Street
Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333

Rhode Island
Mathematics Framework K-12 (October 1995)
Department of Education
225 Westminster Street
Providence, RI 02903

South Carolina
(1) Mathematics Framework (November 1993)
(2) Mathematics and Academic Achievement Standards (November 1995)
Curriculum Framework Office
1429 Senate Street
Columbia, SC 29201

South Dakota
Mathematics Content Standards (Approved June 17, 1996)
Division of Education Services and Resources
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
(Note: A letter of August 18, 1997 states that "South Dakota is in
the process of rewriting the Content Standards.")

(1) Mathematics Framework/ Grades Kindergarten Through Grade Eight (October 11, 1996)
(2) Mathematics Curriculum Framework, Grades 9-12 (November 15, 1991)
Tennessee Department of Education
Andrew Johnson Tower
Nashville, TN 37243-0375

Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Mathematics ("Chapter 111," to be implemented by September 1, 1998, with Chapter C, 9-12, "effective September 1, 1996")
Texas Education Agency
1701 North Congress Avenue
Austin, TX 78701-1494

Core Curriculum/Mathematics Units (September 19, 1996)

Vermont's Framework of Standards and Learning Opportunities--Science, Mathematics and Technology Standards (1996)
Vermont State Board of Education
120 State Street
Montpelier, VT 05620-2501

Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools (June 1995)
Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education
101 N. 14th Street
Richmond, VA 23219

Essential Academic Learning Requirements/Mathematics (February 26, 1997)
Commission on Student Learning
Room 222, Old Capitol Building
Olympia, WA 98504-7220

West Virginia
Instructional Goals and Objectives for West Virginia Schools (September, 1996)
West Virginia Board of Education
1900 Kanawaha Blvd. E.
Charleston, WV 25305-0330

"Model Academic Standards for Mathematics" (Draft, 1997)
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
P.O. Box 7841
Madison, WI 53707

Standards are in progress and were not available for review at
publication time.

The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation
1015 18th Street, N.W.
Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20036
Telephone: (202) 223- 5452
FAX: (202) 223- 9226
http: //
To order publications: 1-888-TBF-7474 (single copies are free)

 to previous page